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Wednesday, July 29

  1. page Juliet's Case Study edited ... In the 1940s, Lis Hartel, a polio survivor from Denmark with lingering physical effects from t…
    ...
    In the 1940s, Lis Hartel, a polio survivor from Denmark with lingering physical effects from the disease, went on to win two Olympic silver medals as an equestrian riding a horse name Jubilee. After retiring from a truly remarkable equine career, Hartel pioneered the use of equine therapy onto the world scene. She opened The Lis Hartel Foundation to raise money and awareness for therapeutic riding. Hartel then proceeded to travel the world, lecturing and teaching the benefits.
    During the 1990s, Hippotherapy took another interesting turn in the Netherlands. "Huifbedrijden" or wagon-bed-riding was being used for patients with disabilities that no longer allowed them to be physically active. A thin canvas was stretched between two horses. The patient then rested in the dip between them. It seemed to stimulate the blood circulation and some vital functions, like metabolism and digestion. Wagon-bed-riding has even been reported to show some stimulation in coma patients. It continues to this day with about twenty stables in the Netherlands.
    EAP subspecialties
    The newest subspecialty within EAP
    as a physical therapy
    EAP as a psychotherapy
    Psychopathy
    is versionthe newest form of psychotherapy.EAP. This uses
    ...
    in behavioral response,response and it is mostlycan be performed from the ground.ground or on horseback. This type
    ...
    the horse.
    It

    Groundwork therapy
    addresses a
    ...
    promote EAP as ain this type of psychotherapy has
    ...
    life.
    As far as a method
    ...
    also "solution-oriented". According to EAGALA, thisThis means that the patients' create the best solutions for themselves forms a foundation for the EAGALA approach.themselves. Rather than
    ...
    directing solutions, we allow our clientspatients are encouraged to experiment,
    As far as choosing a type of horse for counseling, the choice of the horse is usually left up to the equine specialist (ES). The ES chooses the horses to be used in sessions, works with the MH to develop activities, keeps an equine log to document horse behaviors in sessions, stays aware of safety and welfare of clients, horses, and team, and makes observations of horse SPUD’s (an EAGALA-developed observation framework taught in the certification training program) which can bring in potential metaphors.
    Horses have many characteristics which lend them to being effective agents of change, including honesty, awareness, and ability with nonverbal communication. The goal of the session is not to change the horse, but let the person adapt to the horse. Horses are known to be incredibly sensitive animals who often sense and, therefore, react according to a persons emotions. Fear and exasperation are two traits that do not get you very far at all and often the horse will react in kind. It is beneficial for the patient to see these emotions deflected back at themselves.
    ...
    Posted by ABC News on Friday, June 5, 2015
    Horses have several characteristics that are similar to humans in their behavioral responses and social structures. They can provide a mirror to gain insight in a unique and non-threatening environment. A horse is a large, intimidating animal that commands respect. Overcoming these obstacles and building a relationship between patient and animal promotes confidence, relationship skills and problem-solving skills. Equine-assisted therapy is designed to address self-esteem, personal confidence, communication, interpersonal effectiveness, trust, boundaries, limit-setting, and group cohesion (Kersten & Thomas 2000). Teens can then take these vital skills and apply them as they move on from treatment.
    ...
    to trace.
    The North American Riding for the Handicapped Association (NARHA) non- profit was founded in 1969, the same year as the British Royal Family approved its counterpart, British Riding for the Disabled Association (RDA). The NARHA is the most widely recognized therapeutic riding advocate in the United States and, while based in Colorado, certifies satellite stables around the country and a number of operations based world wide. On a global scale, the NARHA has over 29,000 volunteers, 1900 instructors, 5800 program equines, and thousands of contributors.
    However, Equine Assisted Counseling in cognitive impairments is a much newer concept. The NARHA is an umbrella program for the Equine Assisted Growth and Learning Association (EAGALA).
    (view changes)
    2:24 pm

Tuesday, July 28

  1. page Juliet's Case Study edited ... Posted by ABC News on Friday, June 5, 2015 Horses have several characteristics that are simil…
    ...
    Posted by ABC News on Friday, June 5, 2015
    Horses have several characteristics that are similar to humans in their behavioral responses and social structures. They can provide a mirror to gain insight in a unique and non-threatening environment. A horse is a large, intimidating animal that commands respect. Overcoming these obstacles and building a relationship between patient and animal promotes confidence, relationship skills and problem-solving skills. Equine-assisted therapy is designed to address self-esteem, personal confidence, communication, interpersonal effectiveness, trust, boundaries, limit-setting, and group cohesion (Kersten & Thomas 2000). Teens can then take these vital skills and apply them as they move on from treatment.
    "There's nothing so good for the inside of a man as the outside of a horse." A quote repeated so many times, and often wrongly attributed to Winston Churchill, it is impossible to trace.
    The North American Riding for the Handicapped Association (NARHA) non- profit was founded in 1969, the same year as the British Royal Family approved its counterpart, British Riding for the Disabled Association (RDA). The NARHA is the most widely recognized therapeutic riding advocate in the United States and, while based in Colorado, certifies satellite stables around the country and a number of operations based world wide. On a global scale, the NARHA has over 29,000 volunteers, 1900 instructors, 5800 program equines, and thousands of contributors.
    However, Equine Assisted Counseling in cognitive impairments is a much newer concept. The NARHA is an umbrella program for the Equine Assisted Growth and Learning Association (EAGALA).
    (view changes)
    8:52 am
  2. page Juliet's Case Study edited ... As far as choosing a type of horse for counseling, the choice of the horse is usually left up …
    ...
    As far as choosing a type of horse for counseling, the choice of the horse is usually left up to the equine specialist (ES). The ES chooses the horses to be used in sessions, works with the MH to develop activities, keeps an equine log to document horse behaviors in sessions, stays aware of safety and welfare of clients, horses, and team, and makes observations of horse SPUD’s (an EAGALA-developed observation framework taught in the certification training program) which can bring in potential metaphors.
    Horses have many characteristics which lend them to being effective agents of change, including honesty, awareness, and ability with nonverbal communication. The goal of the session is not to change the horse, but let the person adapt to the horse. Horses are known to be incredibly sensitive animals who often sense and, therefore, react according to a persons emotions. Fear and exasperation are two traits that do not get you very far at all and often the horse will react in kind. It is beneficial for the patient to see these emotions deflected back at themselves.
    https://video-iad3-1.xx.fbcdn.net/hvideo-xtp1/v/t42.1790-2/11287059_10153485698518812_778424035_n.mp4?efg=eyJybHIiOjU1NiwicmxhIjoxMzI2fQ%3D%3D&rl=556&vabr=309&oh=b838fbd3123a0f047568d0e3ece65b29&oe=55B7C103For the thoroughbred racehorses who don't succeed in making a run at the Triple Crown, there is a farm 80 miles north of New York City where they are given a second chance with an unexpected group of men -- who are in search of redemption, too.
    Posted by ABC News on Friday, June 5, 2015

    Horses have several characteristics that are similar to humans in their behavioral responses and social structures. They can provide a mirror to gain insight in a unique and non-threatening environment. A horse is a large, intimidating animal that commands respect. Overcoming these obstacles and building a relationship between patient and animal promotes confidence, relationship skills and problem-solving skills. Equine-assisted therapy is designed to address self-esteem, personal confidence, communication, interpersonal effectiveness, trust, boundaries, limit-setting, and group cohesion (Kersten & Thomas 2000). Teens can then take these vital skills and apply them as they move on from treatment.
    The North American Riding for the Handicapped Association (NARHA) non- profit was founded in 1969, the same year as the British Royal Family approved its counterpart, British Riding for the Disabled Association (RDA). The NARHA is the most widely recognized therapeutic riding advocate in the United States and, while based in Colorado, certifies satellite stables around the country and a number of operations based world wide. On a global scale, the NARHA has over 29,000 volunteers, 1900 instructors, 5800 program equines, and thousands of contributors.
    (view changes)
    8:28 am
  3. page Juliet's Case Study edited ... Equine-assisted therapy (EAP) is term used for a specialized form of treatment using the horse…
    ...
    Equine-assisted therapy (EAP) is term used for a specialized form of treatment using the horse as a therapeutic tool. It can apply to several different forms of physical and psychological treatment. It is often referred to by the greek term "Hippo", meaning horse.
    A brief history
    ...
    600 BC.
    The term "Hippo therapy" was initially coined in Germany, but the first mention of its use as a therapeutic treatment was by the French physician Cassaign. In 1875, Cassaign first noted that it was helpful in improving his patients' posture, balance, joint movements and overall psychological health. Beginning at the turn of the century, the idea of horses being used to treat physical disabilities began to gain momentum.
    In the 1940s, Lis Hartel, a polio survivor from Denmark with lingering physical effects from the disease, went on to win two Olympic silver medals as an equestrian riding a horse name Jubilee. After retiring from a truly remarkable equine career, Hartel pioneered the use of equine therapy onto the world scene. She opened The Lis Hartel Foundation to raise money and awareness for therapeutic riding. Hartel then proceeded to travel the world, lecturing and teaching the benefits.
    ...
    As far as choosing a type of horse for counseling, the choice of the horse is usually left up to the equine specialist (ES). The ES chooses the horses to be used in sessions, works with the MH to develop activities, keeps an equine log to document horse behaviors in sessions, stays aware of safety and welfare of clients, horses, and team, and makes observations of horse SPUD’s (an EAGALA-developed observation framework taught in the certification training program) which can bring in potential metaphors.
    Horses have many characteristics which lend them to being effective agents of change, including honesty, awareness, and ability with nonverbal communication. The goal of the session is not to change the horse, but let the person adapt to the horse. Horses are known to be incredibly sensitive animals who often sense and, therefore, react according to a persons emotions. Fear and exasperation are two traits that do not get you very far at all and often the horse will react in kind. It is beneficial for the patient to see these emotions deflected back at themselves.
    https://video-iad3-1.xx.fbcdn.net/hvideo-xtp1/v/t42.1790-2/11287059_10153485698518812_778424035_n.mp4?efg=eyJybHIiOjU1NiwicmxhIjoxMzI2fQ%3D%3D&rl=556&vabr=309&oh=b838fbd3123a0f047568d0e3ece65b29&oe=55B7C103
    Horses have several characteristics that are similar to humans in their behavioral responses and social structures. They can provide a mirror to gain insight in a unique and non-threatening environment. A horse is a large, intimidating animal that commands respect. Overcoming these obstacles and building a relationship between patient and animal promotes confidence, relationship skills and problem-solving skills. Equine-assisted therapy is designed to address self-esteem, personal confidence, communication, interpersonal effectiveness, trust, boundaries, limit-setting, and group cohesion (Kersten & Thomas 2000). Teens can then take these vital skills and apply them as they move on from treatment.
    The North American Riding for the Handicapped Association (NARHA) non- profit was founded in 1969, the same year as the British Royal Family approved its counterpart, British Riding for the Disabled Association (RDA). The NARHA is the most widely recognized therapeutic riding advocate in the United States and, while based in Colorado, certifies satellite stables around the country and a number of operations based world wide. On a global scale, the NARHA has over 29,000 volunteers, 1900 instructors, 5800 program equines, and thousands of contributors.
    (view changes)
    8:21 am

Friday, July 24

  1. page Juliet's Case Study edited ... psychotherapy What is Equine-assisted Therapy? ... psychological treatment. It is often r…
    ...
    psychotherapy
    What is Equine-assisted Therapy?
    ...
    psychological treatment. It is often referred to by the greek term "Hippo", meaning horse.
    A brief history
    While equine therapy is just now beginning to be regulated and acknowledged as a valuable therapy, using horses for the disabled is not a new idea. The concept of horses in therapy can be traced all the way back to the Greeks who wrote about its helpfulness in the physically disabled. Some documents date back to 600 BC.

    The term "Hippo therapy" was initially coined in Germany, but the first sub-specialtymention of its use as a therapeutic treatment was by the French physician Cassaign. In 1875, Cassaign first noted that it was helpful in improving his patients' posture, balance, joint movements and overall psychological health. Beginning at the turn of the century, the idea of horses being used to treat physical disabilities began to gain momentum.
    In the 1940s, Lis Hartel, a polio survivor from Denmark with lingering physical effects from the disease, went on to win two Olympic silver medals as an equestrian riding a horse name Jubilee. After retiring from a truly remarkable equine career, Hartel pioneered the use of equine therapy onto the world scene. She opened The Lis Hartel Foundation to raise money and awareness for therapeutic riding. Hartel then proceeded to travel the world, lecturing and teaching the benefits.
    During the 1990s, Hippotherapy took another interesting turn in the Netherlands. "Huifbedrijden" or wagon-bed-riding was being used for patients with disabilities that no longer allowed them to be physically active. A thin canvas was stretched between two horses. The patient then rested in the dip between them. It seemed to stimulate the blood circulation and some vital functions, like metabolism and digestion. Wagon-bed-riding has even been reported to show some stimulation in coma patients. It continues to this day with about twenty stables in the Netherlands.
    EAP subspecialties
    The newest subspecialty
    within EAP
    It addresses a variety of mental health and human development needs including: behavioral issues, attention deficit disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), substance abuse, eating disorders, depression, anxiety, relationship problems and communication needs. While most of the research done to promote EAP as a psychotherapy has been performed in at-risk youth (Schultz& Robbins, 2007), the benefits have been noted for a wide range of patients, from war veterans to professionals simply trying to regain balance in life.
    As far as a method of psychological counseling, the methods are rather similar to the more familiar form of therapy. The goals of the therapy sessions are established by the therapist and client together. This generally happens before the therapy truly begins and can be slowly adjusted to meet the pace of the patient. The therapy is also "solution-oriented". According to EAGALA, this means that the patients' best solutions for themselves forms a foundation for the EAGALA approach. Rather than instructing or directing solutions, we allow our clients to experiment, problem-solve, take risks, employ creativity, and find their own solutions that work best for them.
    ...
    Horses have many characteristics which lend them to being effective agents of change, including honesty, awareness, and ability with nonverbal communication. The goal of the session is not to change the horse, but let the person adapt to the horse. Horses are known to be incredibly sensitive animals who often sense and, therefore, react according to a persons emotions. Fear and exasperation are two traits that do not get you very far at all and often the horse will react in kind. It is beneficial for the patient to see these emotions deflected back at themselves.
    Horses have several characteristics that are similar to humans in their behavioral responses and social structures. They can provide a mirror to gain insight in a unique and non-threatening environment. A horse is a large, intimidating animal that commands respect. Overcoming these obstacles and building a relationship between patient and animal promotes confidence, relationship skills and problem-solving skills. Equine-assisted therapy is designed to address self-esteem, personal confidence, communication, interpersonal effectiveness, trust, boundaries, limit-setting, and group cohesion (Kersten & Thomas 2000). Teens can then take these vital skills and apply them as they move on from treatment.
    While Equine Psychotherapy is a rather new--but hugely promising--treatment, equine therapy in general is hardly a new concept. It can be traced all the way back to the Greeks who, while acknowledging the usefulness of horse travel, also wrote about its helpfulness in the physically disabled.
    This brings us to the other, more common, use of EAP as a type of physical and psychotherapy usually through mounted lessons.
    The term "Hippotherapy", or just therapeutic riding, was initially coined in Germany, but the first mention of its use as a therapeutic treatment was by the French physician Cassaign. In 1875, Cassaign first noted that it was helpful in improving his patients' posture, balance, joint movements and overall psychological health. Beginning at the turn of the century, the idea of horses being used to treat physical disabilities began to gain momentum.
    In the 1940s, Lis Hartel, a polio survivor from Denmark with lingering physical effects from the disease, went on to win two Olympic silver medals as an equestrian riding a horse name Jubilee. After retiring from a truly remarkable equine career, Hartel pioneered the use of equine therapy onto the world scene. She opened The Lis Hartel Foundation to raise money and awareness for therapeutic riding. Hartel then proceeded to travel the world, lecturing and teaching the benefits.
    During the 1990s, Hippotherapy took another interesting turn in the Netherlands. "Huifbedrijden" or wagon-bed-riding was being used for patients with disabilities that no longer allowed them to be physically active. A thin canvas was stretched between two horses. The patient then rested in the dip between them. It seemed to stimulate the blood circulation and some vital functions, like metabolism and digestion. Wagon-bed-riding has even been reported to show some stimulation in coma patients. It continues to this day with about twenty stables in the Netherlands.

    The North American Riding for the Handicapped Association (NARHA) non- profit was founded in 1969, the same year as the British Royal Family approved its counterpart, British Riding for the Disabled Association (RDA). The NARHA is the most widely recognized therapeutic riding advocate in the United States and, while based in Colorado, certifies satellite stables around the country and a number of operations based world wide. On a global scale, the NARHA has over 29,000 volunteers, 1900 instructors, 5800 program equines, and thousands of contributors.
    However, Equine Assisted Counseling in cognitive impairments is a much newer concept. The NARHA is an umbrella program for the Equine Assisted Growth and Learning Association (EAGALA).
    ...
    Solution-Focused Therapy
    Matthews, William J. (1999). Brief Therapy: A problem solving model of change. The Counselor, July/Aug 99, pp29-32
    AHA Curriculum
    Journal Articles
    EAGALA Model specific
    (view changes)
    3:35 pm

Wednesday, June 24

  1. page Juliet's Case Study edited ... Juliet Leshner email: juliet.leshner@colorado.edu phone: (610)453.8668 Key Terms: Equine…
    ...
    Juliet Leshner
    email: juliet.leshner@colorado.edu
    phone: (610)453.8668
    Key Terms:
    Equine-Assisted Therapy | huifbedrijden | wagon-bed riding | North American Riding for the Handicapped Association (NARHA) | Equine Assisted Growth and Learning Association (EAGALA) | British Riding for the Disabled Association (RDA) | Equine Assisted Counseling | animal assisted therapy | At-Risk children and adolescents | creativity | children | equine | intra-family violence | mental health |
    psychotherapy
    A Brief History of Equine TherapyWhat is Equine-assisted Therapy?
    Equine-assisted therapy (EAP) is term used for a specialized form of psychotherapytreatment using the
    ...
    therapeutic tool. It can apply to several different forms of physical and psychological treatment.
    The first sub-specialty within EAP is version of psychotherapy. This uses the horse as a tool in behavioral response, and it is mostly performed from the ground. This type of therapy is often used in combination with conventional therapy.There are four main contributors to the equine therapy: an equine specialist, a mental health professional, the patient and, of course, the horse.
    It addresses a variety of mental health and human development needs including: behavioral issues, attention deficit disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), substance abuse, eating disorders, depression, anxiety, relationship problems and communication needs. While most of the research done to promote EAP as a psychotherapy has been performed in at-risk youth (Schultz& Robbins, 2007), the benefits have been noted for a wide range of patients, from war veterans to professionals simply trying to regain balance in life.
    As far as a method of psychological counseling, the methods are rather similar to the more familiar form of therapy. The goals of the therapy sessions are established by the therapist and client together. This generally happens before the therapy truly begins and can be slowly adjusted to meet the pace of the patient. The therapy is also "solution-oriented". According to EAGALA, this means that the patients' best solutions for themselves forms a foundation for the EAGALA approach. Rather than instructing or directing solutions, we allow our clients to experiment, problem-solve, take risks, employ creativity, and find their own solutions that work best for them.
    As far as choosing a type of horse for counseling, the choice of the horse is usually left up to the equine specialist (ES). The ES chooses the horses to be used in sessions, works with the MH to develop activities, keeps an equine log to document horse behaviors in sessions, stays aware of safety and welfare of clients, horses, and team, and makes observations of horse SPUD’s (an EAGALA-developed observation framework taught in the certification training program) which can bring in potential metaphors.
    Horses have many characteristics which lend them to being effective agents of change, including honesty, awareness, and ability with nonverbal communication. The goal of the session is not to change the horse, but let the person adapt to the horse.
    Horses are known to be incredibly sensitive animals who often sense and, therefore, react according to a persons emotions. Fear and exasperation are two traits that do not get you very far at all and often the horse will react in kind. It is beneficial for the patient to see these emotions deflected back at themselves.
    Horses
    have several
    ...
    in their behaviouralbehavioral responses and social structures, thus providingstructures. They can provide a mirror for the client to gain
    ...
    non-threatening environment. TheA horse is a large, powerfulintimidating animal that commands respect and elicits fear.respect. Overcoming these
    ...
    a relationship between patient and animal promotes confidence,
    ...
    to address self-esteem andself-esteem, personal confidence, communication andcommunication, interpersonal effectiveness, trust, boundaries andboundaries, limit-setting, and
    ...
    Thomas 2000). Teens can then take these vital skills and apply them as they move on from treatment.
    While Equine
    ...
    a rather new treatment,new--but hugely promising--treatment, equine therapy
    ...
    physically disabled.
    This brings us to the other, more common, use of EAP as a type of physical and psychotherapy usually through mounted lessons.

    The term
    ...
    riding, was firstinitially coined in
    ...
    to gain momentum, but truly came to light inmomentum.
    In
    the 1940s after Lisa1940s, Lis Hartel, a polio surviversurvivor from Denmark with lingering
    ...
    Olympic silver medals.medals as an equestrian riding a horse name Jubilee. After retiring from a truly remarkable equine career, Hartel pioneered the use of equine therapy onto the world scene. She opened The Lis Hartel Foundation to raise money and awareness for therapeutic riding. Hartel then proceeded to travel the world, lecturing and teaching the benefits.
    During the
    ...
    Hippotherapy took a ratheranother interesting turn
    ...
    thin canvas iswas stretched between two horses and thehorses. The patient isthen rested in
    ...
    and digestion. ItWagon-bed-riding has even
    ...
    thousands of contributers.contributors.
    However, Equine
    ...
    Association (EAGALA).
    {http://windhorseeducation.webs.com/EAGALA%20LOGO%20ensure%20quality%20tag.jpg}
    Vision statement: EAGALA is committed to setting the standard of professional excellence in how horses and humans work together to improve the quality of life and mental health of individuals, families and groups worldwide.
    ...
    the world.
    With

    With
    over 3,500 mempersmembers in 38
    Establish standards of practice, ethics, and safety for EAP/EAL
    Provide trainingstraining for certification
    Conduct annual conferences to promote education and networking
    Promote EAGALA as an effective model of therapy and treatment for at-risk populations
    ...
    Support the establishment of EAGALA Model organizations around the world
    Conduct and disseminate research on the effectiveness of EAP/EAL
    Equine Assisted Psychotherapy addresses a variety of mental health and human development needs including behavioral issues, attention deficit disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), substance abuse, eating disorders, depression, anxiety, relationship problems and communication needs. The range of people includes anyone from war veterans suffering from PTSD to at-risk kids and even a professionals simply trying to regain balance in life.
    There are four main contributers to the equine therapy: an equine specialist, a mental health professional, the patient and, of course, the horse. Unlike equine assisted physical therapy, the patients are not taught on the horse. All work and counseling is done from the ground.
    As far as a method of psychological counseling, the methods are rather similar to the more familiar form of therapy. The goals of the therapy sessions are established by the therapist and client together. This generally happens before the therapy truly begins and can be slowly adjusted to meet the pace of the patient. The therapy is also "solution-oriented". According to EAGALA, this means that the patients' best solutions for themselves forms a foundation for the EAGALA approach. Rather than instructing or directing solutions, we allow our clients to experiment, problem-solve, take risks, employ creativity, and find their own solutions that work best for them.
    As far as choosing a type of horse for counseling, the choice of the horse is usually left up to the equine specialist (ES). The ES chooses the horses to be used in sessions, works with the MH to develop activities, keeps an equine log to document horse behaviors in sessions, stays aware of safety and welfare of clients, horses, and team, and makes observations of horse SPUD’s (an EAGALA-developed observation framework taught in the certification training program) which can bring in potential metaphors.
    Horses have many characteristics which lend them to being effective agents of change, including honesty, awareness, and ability with nonverbal communication. The goal of the session is not to change the horse, but let the person adapt to the horse. Horses are known to be incredibly sensitive animals who often sense and, therefore, react according to a persons emotions. Fear and exasperation are two traits that do not get you very far at all and often the horse will react in kind. It is beneficial for the patient to see these emotions deflected back at themselves.

    {http://www.summitpsychologicalservices.com/Quickstart/ImageLib/EagalaExerciseA14.jpg}
    It is impossible to set a true standard for what type of horse to use because the most beneficial personality of the horse may vary from patient to patient. For instance, a pony that shies away from adults but responds well to children may be perfect for a child who needs to build confidence, while a more calm yet stubborn horse may be more beneficial to someone struggling with being more assertive. A skittish horse that was rescued from abusers may be beneficial for a young adult in a similar situation, a shared past allowing them bond.
    ...
    Frewin, K. & Gardiner, B. (2005). New age or old sage? A review of equine assisted psychotherapy. The Australian Journal of Counselling Psychology, 6, pp13-17.
    Kaiser, L., Spence, L.J., Lavergne, A.G., & Bosch, K.L. (2004). Can a week of therapeutic riding make a difference? A pilot study. Anthrozoos, 17, 63-72.
    ...
    (2007), 257-267.
    Scheidhacker,

    Zugich, M., Klontz, T., & Leinart, D. (2002). The miracle of equine therapy. Counselor Magazine, 3(6), 22-27.Scheidhacker,
    M., Friedrich,
    ...
    13, 145-152.
    Zugich, M., Klontz, T., & Leinart, D. (2002). The miracle of equine therapy. Counselor Magazine, 3(6), 22-27.

    Academic Papers
    EAGALA Model specific
    (view changes)
    5:19 pm

Tuesday, August 27

  1. page MINE edited BLAH.
    12:42 pm

Thursday, August 18

Thursday, May 12

  1. page Jessica Lynch's Case Study (deleted) edited
    12:36 pm
  2. page hannahs page (deleted) edited
    12:35 pm

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